buildings of our schools are special because of the activity for which they are intended, they are the center of discovering, learning and playing of our children. They have a daily use, which causes that the school facilities present small daily deteriorations, which accumulate if they are not attended to in time, causing damages that can prevent to the educational work proper to the schools.
The performance of preventive maintenance activities that prevent deterioration and extend the useful life of school buildings and facilities, as well as small repairs involving a minimum cost and unskilled labor, require the active participation of the various members of the Communities, including children and particularly parents in coordination with teachers and the principal.
This School Preventive Maintenance Manual is a guide that explains what preventive school maintenance is. It makes us a proposal for the organization to carry out these actions. It describes the main components of educational buildings, the steps to take to carry out the main maintenance activities, the necessary tools and the frequency with which it should perform its task; also mentioned are the failures that require a large investment or the work of a specialist for what are considered as major maintenance.
At the end of the reading you will see that it is not so difficult to ensure that our schools are kept clean, in good condition and ready for our children to forme in a pleasant, safe and healthy educational environment. But if it can achieve!
What is building maintenance and school facilities?
they should take care to ensure that the maintenance activities are carried out without interrupting the educational activities of the school buildings, for which they should plan considering periods of school break and non-working hours.
The maintenance activities can divide into preventive maintenance and corrective maintenance.
It includes those actions that must carry out periodically in buildings, installations and furniture, to prevent or avoid deterioration and decomposition. These are simple and practical activities that can carry out by members of the school community.
They are all those actions that must carry out in an immediate way with the object of repairing damages. deteriorations cause by natural wear or accidents. The amount of resources required and the specialization of the work required can divide the Conservation actions for its realization, in major maintenance and minor maintenance.
Minor maintenance actions are those that do not require large resources to carry out, or too many specialized technical knowledge, so they can performe by anyone with a minimum of information and tools.
The major maintenance activities are those that require for their realization of expensive resources or highly skilled labor, so they can not perform.
III. Objectives of the Manual
The School Preventive Maintenance Manual aims to provide the school community with a basic technical guide for the prevention and correction of damage to the school building. As a whole, due to aging, environmental action and the inappropriate use of the installations.
IV. Community Organization
a. What is organization?
Organization is to unite to do something always thinking about the welfare of the community.
When people group, organized and established interpersonal relationships cordial, frank, appreciation and collaboration, these favor teamwork.
b. Maintenance Commission
The main function of the school maintenance commission is to organize and conduct activities in the benefit of the educational center. In order to solve problems in the area of infrastructure and equipment.
The best way to organize a commission is to get people in the community to choose their own representatives.
Members should select from community leaders, student parents, center teachers, representatives of community organizations, churches, etc.
c. School work groups
With the results of the analysis of the school building the Maintenance Committee can determine the actions that will take such as corrective measures, such as periodic maintenance.
To meet them, they will support by the whole school community organized in school work groups.
In the school work groups the parents, the students, the teachers and inhabitants of the community, interested in participating in the improvement of the school participate.
A school with color is a factor of motivation and good relationships within the educational community.
Color in the right places and in the right combinations will produce the maximum benefits within the school.
Experience also shows that color creates a cleansing air that will invite neatness and promote learning. So we recommend the use of light colors.
When the floors show cracks, trim the concrete 5 cm around the crack to make the new concrete reposition. This activity must operate by a mason.
a. Sidewalks and drainage canal
They can suffer frequent damages by high traffic. since It is advisable to carry out weekly inspections to schedule your repairs in the short term. As well as weekly cleaning of the drainage channels because besides aesthetics. It is more affected in times of rain causing floods when they are not clean. In addition the grids should maintain by stripping, cleaning with lacquer and applying a red anti-corrosion paint finish. This should do every 6 months to avoid corrosion especially after the rainy season passed
a. The roofs or roofs protect the upper part of the school building thus fulfilling a function of protection against inclement weather and especially rain.
Some frequent roof damage can get leaks, bends, lack of fastening screws, oxidation, accumulated dirt, cracks and other. These damages can generate by daily use, climatic factors, blows or
lack of cleanliness, resulting in deterioration of the roof. Deterioration of the supports of the roof structure, deterioration of internal furniture and humidity.
That is why it recommends to carry out the following activities every 6 months;
• Check and clean the roof cover, if there are parts that can not repaire, they must change
• Cover leaks with drip cap leaks
• Check overlaps and fastening screws
• Cleaning of the translucent sheet to allow the passage of light, this can only replace by another translucent sheet.
All the structure present in the school building is iron so that oxidation, scales, dirt, lack of paint and this is caused by lack of maintenance, weather factors or by the same daily use, thus causing the complete deterioration of the material leaving an unstable structure
• Periodic cleaning every 6 months
• Check roof structure, if corroded it must get sand, clean with lacquer tiner and then painted with red anthracite. If the part is badly damage, you must cut the affected part and replace it with a new one, then apply the same treatment. This should operate every 12 months.
IX. Doors and Windows