Compost is a good Garbage. It is good in visible ways as a gratifying recycling method; it also carries a psychological benefit. Having a compost pile has allowed to abandon the dubious virtues of the “clean-plate club”.
Composting is a kind of alchemy the heat of a pile transforms garbage into fertile soil. Compost piles are made of plant materials. Such as grass clipping and autumn leaves; Kitchen food wastes, usually excluding meat, poultry and fish because they can attract animals; and unbleached paper, such as coffee filters, tea bags, and paper towels. Composted soil immediately improves the health of anything planted in or under it. (When Compost is placed around growing plants or lightly scratched into the surrounding soil, it is called topdressing.)
Creating your own compost pile is the single best thing. You can do for all of your plants as well as for your local landfill.
There is many ways to make a compost area, although the principle behind all compost piles is essentially the same
: alternating layers of wet (often called green, because they are fresh) and dry (often called brown)
Materials contain in a compact area so that rotting can occur efficiently. Dried materials, such as hay or leaves, are fallen leaves, are high in carbon; wet materials, kitchen waste, anr high in nitrogen. Although in practice it seems to make little diffenrence as long as the pile holds a good variety of materials. Adding some rich garden soil is a good idea to encourage the growth of the soil microorganisms, and manure is always a fine addition to any compost pile.
Gardener and author Dick Raymond suggests to add alfalfa meal, which he has found to be the best “good bacteria” activator, to the pile. It’s a useful and easily implemented suggestion, because alfalfa meal is readily available in the form of little green cat litter. (Don’t let your cat use it first, or you’ll risk catching toxoplasmosis) and rabbit food pellets enriched with alfalfa, as well as in bags of horse feed. Sprinckle on a layer of alafalfa meal after each layer of organic material (kitchen waste or garden debris) is added. Other good Compost activators are old manure, bonemeal, wood ashes, and pit moss (unfortunately an unrenewableb ressource).
You can compost bins and you can compost tumblers (see sources), which make it unnecessary to turn the pile, and produce compost most rapidly, or you cab build a bin yourself. All compost bins are construct with ventilated walls, so that air can reach the interior of the pile. we can make bins with dry-laying courses of ciment blocks (on their sides, holes facing outward) to form a square; by nailing four wooden pallets into posts anchored in the ground; or by nailing railroad ties “log cabin-style” to create a ventilate square.
we can construct the simplest compost bin or cage with concrete-reinforcing wire mesh and a few extra strands of wire to hold it together here is how :
Cut a peice of mesh 3 feet high and 9 feet long. It will start to roll immediately into a circle. Fasten the edges together with wire to make the bin rigid. Set it to an unobstrusive peice of level ground where it will be convenient to kitchen and garden.
To make the foundation of the pile, lay a coarse layer of organic material (for drainage). Such as cornstalk, smal; branches, or hay. Spinckle in a handful of alfalfa meal or bonemeal (available from garden centers) or any other “good bacteria” source from the list above to active the pile.
Add in layers of kitchen waste, add your choice (mix and match as available) of manure, more alfalfa meal or bonemeal, wood ashes, pet moss, grass clipping and/or shredded leaves, alternating these relatively fine materials with coarser stuff such as stalksm hay, and branches. try to alternate layers of wet and dry materials.
in practice, it is a simple matter to throw in a bucket of kitchen waste every few days. Spread it into a thin layer with a rake of pitchfork, spinckle it with manure, wood ashes, or alfalfa meal, and put a layer of lay on top.
We keep severalbales of spoiled hay next to our compost site for this purpose. As well as a small hill of manure from neighbors’s horses.