how to constitute organization community representation and what are its missions?
The objective of these groups of residents and that they form a permanent organization representativity in the social composition of the neighborhood.
Operators have used different methods. And often depending on the area of intervention. for example at Carrefour, Care has chosen to rely on the 40 or so existing organizations to support the creation of a community platform.
In Petit-Goave, WHH carried out a long consultaion, zone by zone, to solicit, by an open approach and according to criteria of representativity, the participation of the Inhabitants.
In Christ-Roi, there are few community organizations and social relations are more tense than elsewhere.
Solidarites International then relied on “referents”, personalities recognized by residents, to support the creation of platforms by neighborhoods.
The platforms’ intervention is twofold: They bring back the opinions and choices of the inhabitants organization of the district. And they spread the information coming from the operators or the public organizations towards the population.
Beyond this pivotal role of communication. They play a fundamental role in the discussion of development choices and neighborhood development strategies. For example, in Christ-Roi, more than thirty workshops were held to discuss urban issues, themes by theme, and to select the best solutions.
Collect and document the composition of the Urban fabric.
It is a crucial step towards the establishment of a precise and realistic management plan.
This document will be the cornerstone of the following phases:
It will be used for the validation of improvements by inhabitants and public institutions, planning and construction.
On the one hand, the operators have documented as precisely as possible the structure of the urban fabric, in terms of traffic lanes, buildings, economic infrastructures and services.
On the other hand, a risk diagnosis has been systematically carried out: the topographic and hydrological conditions.
That make it particularly vulnerable to the environmental risks that have often affected the inhabitants: landslides, floods, cyclones, seismic activity.
This risk diagnosis which concerns both the soil but also the buildings, often built with poor quality materials will found several steps of the operators:
1- building awareness.
2- the qualification of improper spaces, especially areas that are unfit for construction.
3- the creation of an environmental protection zone and risk management: ecological corridors, reinforcement of gullies for example.
THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF EVAPORATION Water vapor is generated by ocean and surface water evaporation and evapotranspiration. During this process, water vapor is released through the leaves of plants, the respiration of animals and humans as well as the evaporation of groundwater. Although the atmosphere contains little water vapor, it has a significant effect on weather and climate. The capacity of the air to hold water depends on the temperature. The hotter the air, the more water it can hold. When the moist air cools suddenly, it can retain less water and the water vapor it contains will condense and turn into rain (or snow, hail, dew, fog ...). In addition, water vapor is also an important greenhouse gas. The increase in CO2 causes the atmosphere to warm up, so more moisture can be absorbed (hot air can hold more water than cold air). Thus, the atmosphere can continue to warm up. In other words, an increase in temperature increases the ability of the atmosphere to retain water vapor and an increased concentration of water vapor absorbs more heat. This in turn contributes to a further increase in temperature. This is an example of positive feedback. In addition, water vapor (albedo effect) in the form of clouds reflects part of the sun's rays during the day, so the temperature is temperate. This is a negative feedback. Water vapor therefore plays an important role in both positive and negative feedback mechanisms. Tall, thin clouds retain more heat than they reflect light, while low, thick clouds do the opposite. Since water vapor has both positive and negative effects on global warming, this factor complicates predictions about the future of our climate